Right to Education an Opportunity and a Challenge
Education is a continuous process which helps to prepare individual to play his role as an enlightened member of the society. It means an all-round development of the person. when a person educate, he is likely to be more aware of his own rights. The system of education, introduced by the British government in India was aimed at producing a large number of clerks. After the independence, India has been trying to restructure its educational system to suit the needs of technological an industrial development of our country.
The right to free and compulsory education act is against leap towards Universalization of education in India. Articale21A of the constitution says the state shall provide free an compulsory education to all children of the age of six to fourteen years in such manner as the state may, by law, determine.
It was in December 2002 that the fundamental right to education bill was framed. Earlier, compulsory education for the children in the 6-14 years age group was a part of the Directive principals of state policy. The law was a part of the right to free and compulsory education a revolution that will put nearly one core children in school and involve a beget of Rs.171484 core over five years.
Today the state is seen as the chief provider of education. From April 1 2010 it became incumbent upon the state to provide children in the age group of 6 to 14 years not just free schooling but quality education as well. No child shall be held back expelled or required to pass a board examination till class viii. There must be 25 percent reservation for poor children even in private and minority schools. There must be one teacher for every 30 students. No direct or indirect cost nee be borne by the child or parents to obtain elementary education. Schools shall constitute school management committees comprising local officials parents, guardians an teachers. The SMCs will monitor utilization of government grants the infrastructure in schools including the number of classrooms ,barrier free access for the physically challenged, sanitary conditions and safe drinking water. RTE mandates the inclusion of 50 percent women and parents of children from disadvantaged groups in SMCs.
India is a late entrant to the group of countries that have legislated for compulsory education. The right to education is recognized as a human right by the united nation. Most countries in the west had enacted laws, making elementary education a responsibility of the state. Uk was one of the last countries in Europe in 1870 to make it the state’s responsibility to provide compulsory education. It was after this that Go pal Krishna Gokhale in 1911, urged the Imperial Legislative Assembly to confer on the Indian people the right to education.
The implementation of RTE Act faces massive manpower, logistics and financial hurdles. There is an acute shortage of qualified teachers across government schools, mostly in rural India. To improve learning quality it is critical that the government makes clear budgetary provisions for training teachers. States have to recruit and deploy teachers at a 30:1 ratio, establish neighborhood schools with in three years and train all teachers. These require massive sums of money. The human resource development ministry has estimated a requirement of about Rs. 34000 core every year for a period of five years. The central Government is bearing 75 percent and state government 25 percent of the project expenditure in the eleventh five year plan. The sharing will be 50:50 for the Twelfth plan.
The 2008-09 District Information System for education report on elementary education in India painted a bleak picture of the 1:29 million government and private schools covered, over 60 percent did not have electricity, 46.4 percent did not have toilets for girls and almost 50percent did not have boundary walls to ensure the safety of students.
However the RTE act limited the scope of the fundamental right to education to 6-14 years and committed a mistake by not recognizing the importance of early years. Globally it is accepted that the early years are the most critical years for lifelong development. India cannot afford to deprive its youngest 16crore population of right to nutrition, health and early childhood education as enshrined in the convention of the rights of children to which India is signatory.
A majority of poor parents are not aware that education is now the right of their child. The government needs to launch a massive awareness campaign so that parents become aware of the act and can take advantage of it. Implementation obviously holds the key to its success. And that clearly will be the government biggest challenge. Prime minister Dr. Manmohan Singh said I want every INDIAN child, girl and boy to be touched by the light of education. Stressing social inclusion, prime minister also said his government would priorities the concerns and interests of the scheduled tribes , scheduled castes, other backward classes, minorities and women, and strive to make the RTE a living reality.
About evirtualguru_ajaygourThe main objective of this website is to provide quality study material to all students (from 1st to 12th class of any board) irrespective of their background as our motto is “Education for Everyone”. It is also a very good platform for teachers who want to share their valuable knowledge.
Every children practice different rights. The right of education is a basic human right that everyone should have. Free education is provided by our government at different levels to achieve education for all. Education should be affordable to all, with proper facilities, textbooks and supplies provided to students at no additional costs. Our government also provides free and compulsory primary and secondary education accessible to all. Free higher education usually comes to students in the form of scholarships and grants. Alternative Learning System (ALS) program shall be intensified for individuals who have not completed primary education.
The right of education is fundamental human right but many children and adults deprived of educational rights which result of poverty. Because of poverty, some parents are held responsible for not sending their children to school. On the other hand, many successful individual came from the poor family. Hardship inspires them to dream big and strive to reach that point. Poverty serves as challenge to them to overcome and to have a successful life.
Education can help us to be a knowledgeable one. Through that knowledge we should find wisdom to be a better person. Our parents are the one who will motivate our children to study and dream. Government, Civil Society, NGOâs, parents, school personnel, and media must work together to help every child to realize their right to education.