Basketball is the most popular sport in the Philippines, played on both the amateur and professional levels.
Basketball was introduced in the Philippines during the American colonial period with the first American teachers teaching the sport along with baseball through the YMCA and the school system. Basketball was first introduced to the Philippine public school system by the Americans as a women's sport in 1910 and was played in Interscholastic meets in 1911 until 1913. Women's basketball met opposition from conservative groups, particularly the Catholic Church who view bloomers worn by women basketball players as inappropriate. By the time skirts were allowed to be worn above bloomers as a compromise, women's basketball is already in the decline and is only played in provincial and local interscholastic meets. Indoor softball and as well as volleyball became the more preferred sport for Filipino women.
The first men's national team is organized in the 1910s which won the first Far Eastern Championship Games in 1913. In all but one of the ten editions of the games, the national team won the gold medal.
The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) which has basketball as its main sort was established in 1924.
The Philippines became a member of FIBA through the Basketball Association of the Philippines in 1936. The Philippines made their debut in the Olympic Games in 1936 where they finished fifth, the best result of an Asian team in Olympic basketball history. On the same year the first basketball stamp in the world was released by the country. The first commercial league was the basketball tournament of the Manila Industrial and Commercial Athletic Association (MICAA) which was established in 1938.
The Philippines became an independent country in 1946, and in the 1950s, the national team did well in international tournaments. The Philippine team won the gold medal at the Asian Games in 1951, the first-time basketball was played. The Philippine basketball team dominated the Asian Games until 1962. In the 1954 FIBA World Championship the Philippines placed third, winning the bronze medal, the best performance by an Asian team in the World Championship.
Despite missing the first FIBA Basketball World Cup (known through 2010 as the FIBA World Championship), held in 1950 in Argentina, the Philippines participated in the 1954 FIBA World Championship held at Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The Philippines finished with a 5-2 win-loss record in the Final Round games, and captured the bronze medal. The third place-finish is still currently the best finish by an Asian country in the World Cup. Carlos Loyzaga finished as the world tournament's third leading scorer (148 points/16.4 points per game) and was named in the FIBA World Mythical Five Selection.
In the 1960s, the first FIBA Asia Championship was won by the Philippines with Carlos Badion as the tournament's Most Valuable Player.
Meanwhile, the Philippines won the right to host the third FIBA World Championship but were suspended after then President Diosdado Macapagal, father of former President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, refused to issue visa to players from communist countries (notably basketball powerhouse Yugoslavia and the Soviet Union).
In the Asian Games, after Carlos Loyzaga's retirement, the Philippines' dominance declined but the country continued to play competitively in the Asian, and World Championships. While in the Olympic Games, the Philippines played poorly, unable to reach the top 10.
The commercial league model pioneered by the MICAA continued with the Philippine Basketball Association (PBA) in 1975 and the Philippine Amateur Basketball League (PABL) in 1983. The PBA is the first professional basketball league in Asia and the second oldest in the world after the NBA. The league's regulations are a hybrid of rules from FIBA and the NBA. The league was founded in Quezon City on April 9, 1975. The PABL was established to fill the void brought about by the collapse of the MICAA in 1981.
In 1978, the Philippines hosted the FIBA World Championship which marks the first time that the international tournament was held in Asia.
The Philippines was suspended by FIBA in 2005 due to a leadership crisis which affected the former national basketball association of the country, the Basketball Association of the Philippines. In 2007, the Samahang Basketbol ng Pilipinas became the new recognized national basketball body for the Philippines by FIBA.
- XVII Intercontinental Cup – Girona/Barcelona 1985
- Bocobo, Christian and Celis, Beth, Legends and Heroes of Philippine Basketball, (Philippines, 2004)
- Dela Cruz, Juan, Book of Pinoy Facts and Records, (National Bookstore, Mandaluyong City, Philippines, 2004)
- Philippine Basketball Association, The First 25 Years, (Philippines, 2000)
- ^ abcdHenson, Joaquin (2016). "Why Filipinos love basketball". The Philippine Star2. Retrieved 26 September 2017.
- ^Antolihao, Lou (2015). "Spheroid of Influence: Sports, Colonization, Modernity – Ballers in Bloomers:Sports, Gender, Participation". Playing with the Big Boys: Basketball, American Imperialism, and Subaltern Discourse in the Philippines (Illustrated ed.). University of Nebraska Pres. ISBN 0803278519. Retrieved 26 September 2017.
- ^ abPamintuan, Carlo (Sep 29, 2014). "The Philippines headed for worst-ever Asian Games finish in basketball". Yahoo PH Sports. Retrieved 8 December 2014.
- ^Bartholomew, Rafe. "Pacific Rims". New American Library, 2010, p. 13.
- ^Bartholomew 2010, p. 13.
7asif (Sunday, November 20, 2016), afsarshaw (Wednesday, September 05, 2012), Bhargav (Wednesday, March 09, 2011), cssravian (Saturday, July 28, 2012), engr_vilayat (Thursday, December 15, 2011), Fading Glimpse (Tuesday, March 22, 2011), Faisal86 (Friday, September 30, 2011), Imtiaz ali (Wednesday, March 09, 2011), jadoon khan (Monday, June 13, 2011), jazi (Tuesday, January 10, 2012), kingfalcon (Monday, June 03, 2013), madeehailyas (Wednesday, July 10, 2013), Malmeena Khan (Thursday, June 28, 2012), mariajameel (Monday, February 25, 2013), musmanhussain (Monday, July 30, 2012), nadiamughal (Friday, June 08, 2012), pisceankhan (Tuesday, August 12, 2014), ranarocks (Monday, September 24, 2012), Roshan wadhwani (Monday, June 13, 2011), S.A.Syed1 (Tuesday, June 14, 2011), salman habib (Sunday, October 23, 2011), SameerAhmed (Tuesday, June 14, 2011), shaikhrulez (Monday, May 09, 2011), sibgakhan (Wednesday, March 09, 2011), usman qureshi (Tuesday, December 25, 2012), zash (Thursday, October 06, 2011), zuhaib ahmed (Saturday, August 04, 2012)