Essay-Marijuana

Proposal of Marijuana Legalization Essay

1528 Words7 Pages

Marijuana has a greater beneficial impact on society then many people realize. Marijuana should be legalized for medical as well as recreational purposes. This is a highly controversial issue that is being debated throughout the country. In essence marijuana is evaluated by the effectiveness of the drug. It is defined as the dried flowered clusters and leaves of a hemp plant smoked for the intoxicating effect. Whether it should be legalized or not is the real question. Many could argue that marijuana is destructive physically as well as mentally. “The National Institute on Drug Abuse says marijuana can cause heart irregularities, lung problems, and addiction” (Welch). “One joint can be just as damaging to [the lungs] as smoking at least…show more content…

Both will legalize the sale, possession, and private cultivation of marijuana got personal use, while the tax act aims to put money in state coffers by putting a levy on the sale of cannabis hemp products.” California is the lead pursuer for the new ballot. “California would levy taxes that state board says could raise $1.3 billion or more a year for the deficit-plagued state, while saving tens of millions in prison and law enforcement costs. Sponsors of the ballot issue have tuned in 690,161 signatures on petitions for verification, far more than the 433,971 valid required to get on the ballot.” “Even the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime, in its latest World Drug Report, says people should not be incarcerated for simple possession of drugs. The report comes close to endorsing the ‘creative approach’ where possession for personal use triggers administrative penalties instead of criminal prosecution.” Millions of Americans, who smoke marijuana with little negative impact on society, are threatened by a climate where the penalties for engaging in marijuana use are too severe. “The new ballot measure would allow anyone over 21 to buy, possess, se or cultivate marijuana. It would bar personal possession of more than one ounce as well as smoking the drug in public or around minors; [ultimately a step in the right direction]” (McKinley). A policy that

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The number of people pointing out to the numerous reasons why marijuana should be legal is growing daily. It is exactly in March of 2016 that the AP-NORC Center for Public Affairs Research has reported that 61% of Americans are actually supporting the legalization of this particular drug. The awareness is growing within the minute but the legalizations still move slowly, with only four states and the District of Columbia legalizing marijuana in the United States.

In order to properly argument the topic, I would first like to point out to the various systems of marijuana legalization. Netherlands is the source of the biggest taboos on a worldwide level, starting from prostitution and euthanasia to same-sex marriages. The Netherlands did not only make prostitution one of the most profitable, legitimate industries in the country, but also allowed the sale of cannabis in 1976. At this point, there are over 1,200 licensed shops that sell cannabis every day.

A completely different type of legalization is the one done in Holland. In Holland, dealers who operate illegally are criminally charged, while all drug use is allowed to people over the age of 18. Here, drug use is controlled with the set daily limit of 5 grams. ‘Here, you don’t have to go to jail if you’re a marijuana smoker,” says the American psychologist Art Lecesse. “The goal is to try to keep young people in particular away from the criminal drug environment that may get them involved with the harder drugs such as cocaine and heroin.”

But should all drugs really be legal? Is the right move to legalize only marijuana or should we put a stop on forbidding people to use any type of drug? The fact is, marijuana is not nearly as dangerous as other drugs such as cocaine. Still, how come marijuana is forbidden for use and other dangerous prescribed drugs are not?

As with any other important subject, marijuana legalization also comes with many pros and cons, the biggest con being the negative impact this drug has on the health of people. According to this belief, smoking any substance can have a bad effect on the IQ, memory, problem-solving skills and increase the chances of mental illnesses. However, there are very few facts that confirm the latest claim. Actually, the health benefits are one of the 3 reasons why marijuanas should be legal, according to the proponents of the idea.

The Dutch minister of health says that ‘ People have died from tobacco and alcohol, from heroin, from cocaine. But never from cannabis’. Additionally, there are certain health benefits that come from using cannabis, which is why there is such thing as medical marijuanas. Marijuana used for medicinal purposes is known to reduce glaucoma and help people go through chemo. According to an article by Discovery Health, marijuana is also known to relieve nausea and have a certain effect on the brain. Also, the marijuana’s effect on the brain allows for release in muscle tension and chronic pain.

Even though over-consumption can lead to some problems, there is not a single account of death from marijuana overdose. Many legal things are a much more common cause of death than marijuana. It is actually estimated that 38,329 people died from drug overdose in 2010, out of which 60% were related to prescribed drugs. In the same year, 25,692 people died of alcohol related causes. If this is the case, how come the world has decided to ban marijuana instead of tobacco?

The second reason why marijuana should be legal is the cost. According to official estimates, over 700,000 people were arrested 2014 for marijuana offenses and this is only on the area of the United States. This makes the costs for enforcement taxes extremely high, something that would be avoided if marijuana were to become legal. According to an ACLU report of 2013, taxpayers shelled out up to $6 billion to cover both the enforcement and incarceration of people who illegally use this drug.

Aside from helping us save money, some say that legalization of marijuana can actually make an upwards of $7 billions! The legalization is not only predicted to do this, but will actually create a taxable industry and create thousands new legit job positions.

The third point of this marijuana essay that supports the idea is addiction itself. With addiction being one of the biggest cons introduced by the opponents of the idea, this is actually an interesting twist. Marijuana dependence is existing, but is a real breeze when compared to prescription pills, alcohol overuse, caffeine and even sugar. According to Dr.Sanjay Gupta, the Chief Medical Correspondent of CNN, there are 9 to 10 percent of adults who became dependent to marijuana, while 20% of all cocaine users become dependent. According to him, the biggest enemy is the tobacco, with over 30% of all its users becoming addicted.

This third point does not mean that marijuana is completely safe for use, which is why any proper marijuana legalization should be carefully crafted to limit people in marijuana consumption. However, why would people be allowed to smoke a cigarette after a meal and not be allowed to use marijuana for pleasure, since it is actually tobacco that makes more people addicted? And not only this. Marijuana is actually forbidden for use as an illegal, unhealthy drug, when people die every day from alcohol abuse, prescribed medications and overdose from other illegal drugs.

Considering that the laws against marijuana did not make any specific change, it is safe to say that legalization will not increase the use of this drug greatly. The only thing it will do is reduce the cost for prosecution of people who already use the marijuana and create a whole new industry where this drug could be better controlled.
The nation seems to be coming to its senses and many countries start to make marijuana legal. Considering all these factors, this is something every country must consider.

Sources:
1. http://www.apnorc.org/projects/Pages/HTML%20Reports/american-attitudes-toward-substance-use-in-the-united-states.aspx
2. https://www.unodc.org/documents/ungass2016/Contributions/Civil/Transform-Drug-Policy-Foundation/Cannabis-policy-in-the-Netherlands.pdf
3. http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v01/n1607/a05.html?3681
4. http://cannabisnews.com/news/10/thread10754.shtml
5. http://health.howstuffworks.com/wellness/drugs-alcohol/5-common-uses-of-medical-cannabis.htm
6. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/09/03/marijuana-deaths_n_3860418.html
7. https://ucr.fbi.gov/crime-in-the-u.s/2014/crime-in-the-u.s.-2014/persons-arrested/browse-by/national-data
8. https://www.aclu.org/files/assets/aclu-thewaronmarijuana-rel2.pdf
9. http://www.cnbc.com/id/36179677
10. http://www.cnn.com/2013/08/08/health/gupta-changed-mind-marijuana/

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